Deer Car Accidents

Deer And VehicleA century ago, white-tailed deer were rare on the East Coast. Now they number more than 20 million, and they’re everywhere: in back yards, in parks and on the roads. Collisions with deer cause 200 human deaths and cost more than $4 billion per year. Don’t assume it won’t happen to you! Deer car accidents are more common than you think. In fact, you have a 1/169 chance of hitting a deer, according to State Farm. Here’s what you should do if it happens.

What to Do if You Hit a Deer

Two eyes shining in the road. You hit the brakes, but it’s too late: You hear a thump as you strike the deer. So what should you do if you hit a deer?

If your car has sustained minor damage, it might be tempting to drive away. Don’t do it. Pull over in a safe place and call the police to report hitting a deer. Take pictures of the scene and any damage to your car. If there are witnesses, ask for their contact information.

If the deer is alive and lying in the road, don’t try to move it yourself. You could be injured by a frightened, hurt animal. If you see a deer that appears injured — with a broken leg, for instance — don’t try to catch it. Mark the spot and call your local wildlife rehab group.

How does hitting a deer affect your car insurance?

A collision with a deer is typically a covered loss, according to Allstate. Read your comprehensive coverage policy to see if collisions with animals are covered. If there’s no physical contact with the deer (e.g. you swerve and hit a tree), it will probably be considered a collision loss. Some states let the policyholder choose if the loss should be paid under collision or comprehensive coverage.

The average cost of a deer crash? $3,900, State Farm says. The good news is that insurers typically don’t hold drivers responsible for car accidents involving deer, and so your rates are unlikely to increase.

How to avoid car accidents caused by deer

Even though car accidents caused by deer are common, they’re not inevitable. To avoid hitting a deer, you should:

  • Be especially vigilant in October through early January, when deer are migrating and mating.
  • Watch out for deer when they’re most active, at dawn and dusk.
  • Expect to see more deer if you spot one beside the road.
  • Don’t swerve to avoid a deer, because you could hit another car.
  • Use your high-beams in rural areas if there’s no oncoming traffic.
  • Slow down and flash your lights if you see a deer standing in the middle of the road.


Some people say you should speed up instead of braking if you can’t avoid hitting a deer, but a Mythbusters investigation involving a rubber moose found that to be a myth. It’s safer to strike an animal at low speed, the show discovered, than to speed up hoping to launch the animal over the vehicle.

Can you eat a deer you hit with your car?

You can, if you follow the proper safety procedures and obey state law. Modern Farmer magazine argues that eating roadkill is not only sensible but is eminently ethical. If even a third of the 1.23 million deer killed each year could be salvaged, the magazine says, it would amount to about 20 million pounds of free-range venison.

To salvage a freshly struck deer, you need to act quickly. On a warm fall day, the carcass should be gutted and cooled within 4-5 hours — ideally within 30 minutes, Superior Meats owner Jerry Stroot tells The Missoulian. Pay attention to how the deer died, too. If it appears it was struck on the head, that’s a clean kill. If it has been battered and run over, the meat is likely not usable. If you’re not an experienced hunter, get help from one when you’re assessing and processing the carcass.

But is it legal to harvest a deer struck by a car? That depends on where you live. Texas, Tennessee, California and Washington prohibit collecting roadkill. In West Virginia, it’s fine as long as you report the kill within 12 hours; in Wyoming and Vermont, you must have a game warden tag the carcass.

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